Ground Truth Trekking

Resources tagged with "Coal"

Issues tagged Coal

Acid Mine Drainage: Acid Seep GET PHOTO Acid Seep in Nevada source: Copyright held by photographer Summary Acid mine drainage (AMD) refers to the outflow of acidic water from a mining site. In most cases, this acid comes primarily from oxidation of iron sulfide ... [read-more]
Alaska Coal History: Coal was first discovered in Alaska by an English trader in 1786. The deposit was located at Coal Cove, near Port Graham Bay on the Kenai Peninsula. The Russian-American Company began mining at this site almost 70 years later in ... [read-more]
Alaska Coal Proposals Overview: Regions Arctic Cook Inlet Central Alaska Matanuska Susitna Valley Abandoned Projects   (This is a summary of all coal-related projects and proposals in Alaska, kept up to date as possible.  For references and more detail, check out the individual articles on ... [read-more]
Alaska Coal Resource: Potential for future development: How much coal is in Alaska?  Industry and environmental groups in the state often make incredible claims: Alaska has a tenth, an eighth, or even as much as a fifth of the world's coal. Coal Resource Comparison: Coal Resources and ... [read-more]
Alaska Coal and Carbon Dioxide Emissions: Coal Seam in Alaska GET PHOTO Alaska has a rich coal resource SummaryAlaska has an enormous coal resource, and if this resource were heavily exploited and Alaska became a "coal superpower", Alaska's coal would make a tremendous contribution to global ... [read-more]
Alaska Railroad: The Alaska railroad is a railway system which runs up through central Alaska, linking the major population and industrial centers of southcentral and interior Alaska. The mainline track stretches 470 miles, from Seward and Whittier to Fairbanks (technically a little further, ... [read-more]
Arctic Coal: Most of Alaska's coal can be found in the northern part of the state, north of the Brooks range, near the Chukchi and Beaufort Seas. 88% of the state's identified coal resources are in these Arctic deposits. Although this coal ... [read-more]
Augustine Geothermal: Renewable Energy Articles Geothermal Augustine Geothermal Spurr Geothermal Wind Eva Creek Wind Fire Island Wind Hydroelectricity Chakachamna Hydro Chikuminuk Hydro Kogoluktuk Hydro Susitna-Watana Hydro Seismic Hazards at Susitna Other Tidal Power in Cook Inlet Yakutat Wave Energy Background The state ... [read-more]
Beluga Coal-to-Liquids (CTL): Winter sunrise on the Chuitna River GET PHOTO In the winter of 2008, we skied through the site of the proposed Chuitna Coal Mine on our way to the Aleutian Islands. PacRim Coal is pursuing a possible coal mine in ... [read-more]
Benefits of Coal: History Coal has been used as a heat or energy source throughout the world since at least the Bronze Age. Coal was an important fuel for the Romans in the West as well as in China around the same period. ... [read-more]
Bering River Coal Field: Background Kushtaka Lake GET PHOTO An aerial view of Kushtaka Lake, looking out over the Bering River Delta The Bering River Coal Field is a bituminous coal field, located near Bering Glacier, between Icy Bay and the mouth of the ... [read-more]
Bethel Coal Plant: Bethel GET PHOTO Port of Bethel summer 2012 The 100-MW Bethel Power Plant was proposed as a collaboration between the Calista, an Alaska Native Corporation, and the gold-mining company NovaGold Resources Inc. The plant was to have powered the proposed ... [read-more]
Canyon Creek Coal Leases: Your browser does not support iframes. Canyon Creek Coal Lease Area DNR is proposing a competitive lease sale here near the Squentna River, on the eastern edge of the Susitna Valley. SummaryThe Alaska Department of Natural Resources has decided to ... [read-more]
Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS): Is 'carbon capture' from coal possible?When coal is burned, large amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2) are released into the atmosphere. Releases of CO2 from coal-fired power plants make up around 40% of total CO2 emissions in the US, and are ... [read-more]
Chickaloon Coal Leases: SummaryPlans for developing the Chickaloon Coal Field in the Matanuska Valley were previously abandoned in 2007, but were resurrected in 2011 when the Alaskan Mental Health Trust Authority (AMHTA) offered up 10,000 acres of coal leases.  The company which obtained ... [read-more]
Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect: A journey to Chuitna ...We began with a mission to look for coal. And we found a little. But as soon as we stepped away from the scattered coal boulders in the Chuitna River, it disappeared – hidden deep beneath ... [read-more]
Climate Change and Alaska Fisheries: Salmon GET PHOTO How will salmon fare in a warmer Alaska? Executive SummaryAs a fossil-fuel producing state, Alaska faces a tradeoff between developing its oil, gas, and coal resources (which will put more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere), and preserving ... [read-more]
Climate Change on the Northern Pacific Coast: (Note: This article was written in 2007 and refers to our Journey on the Wild Coast) Melting GlaciersFirePermafrostMigrationEmissionsRefs and Links Our burning of fossil fuels is spewing CO2 into the atmosphere, increasing the greenhouse effect, and warming the planet. A ... [read-more]
Coal Combustion Methods: Coal can be used in a wide variety of ways, ranging from direct burning to produce heat and/or steam to newer methods of coal gasification and liquefaction (including coal-to-liquids). The following is a summary of coal combustion methods relevant to ... [read-more]
Coal Combustion Wastes:  BackgroundBurning coal produces a variety of solid wastes known as coal combustion waste or coal combustion products. These include coal ash (fly ash and bottom ash), boiler slag, and flue-gas desulphurization products. In 2007 over 120 million tons of these ... [read-more]
Coal Fires: Coal Seam Fires: Coal can burn unchecked, while still in the ground. FULL FIGURE Because coal is so readily combustible, it is possible for coal deposits to catch fire while still in the ground. These coal seam fires are a ... [read-more]
Coal Impacts: Every form of energy development impacts both people and the environment. However, coal creates greater negative impacts than almost any other energy source, whether fossil or renewable. These impacts take place throughout the lifecycle of coal, from mining to post-combustion ... [read-more]
Coal Mine Reclamation: When mining is completed, coal mines are required to be reclaimed to standards defined by the state and federal government. Reclamation can be a major issue in mine proposal controversies (such as Chuitna), where mine opponents argue that valuable habitat ... [read-more]
Coal Mining: Alaska minescape GET PHOTO The two largest of Usibelli coal mines, active Two Bull Ridge in the foreground, and partially reclaimed and inactive Poker Flats in the background. Mining for coal can be divided into two major categories, underground mining ... [read-more]
Coal Power in Alaska: Your browser does not support iframes. Coal Power in Alaska Existing and proposed coal-fired power plants in Alaska. Less than 10% of Alaska's electricity comes from coal. Most is from gas, hydro, and oil. There are six small coal-fired power ... [read-more]
Coal Taxes, Rents, and Royalties in Alaska: Resource taxes, royalties, and rents in Alaska: The direct returns to the state from raw resources in Alaska vary a lot, with oil/gas by far the highest, and metal mining the lowest. FULL FIGURE SummaryMining in Alaska, including coal mining, ... [read-more]
Coal Terminology: Resource & Reserve: Note: All statistics from the US have been converted from short tons to metric tons.Note: While the exact details may differ, this is basically the same measurement systems used for minerals and petroleum. How much coal is there? Behind the ... [read-more]
Coal to Liquids (CTL): The rising costs of fuel, combined with the fact that the U.S. has larger reserves of coal than it does oil, have prompted an upsurge of interest in the possibility of generating liquid fuels (such as gasoline and diesel) from ... [read-more]
Coalbed Methane: SummaryCoalbed methane (also called coal mine methane) refers to methane gas that is trapped within minuscule fractures in coal seams.  Once viewed solely as a hazard of coal mining, this gas has received recent attention for its use as an ... [read-more]
Emma Creek Coal Energy: Coal along Emma Creek GET PHOTO Soft sandstone bluffs striped with jet-black coal alongside Emma Creek The Emma Creek Energy Project was a proposal for a large coal-fired power plant that still remains in the conception process. This 200 megawatt ... [read-more]
Exporting Alaska's Coal: Coal exports in Alaska have fallen dramatically over the last few years as prices and demand have dropped worldwide.  The primary exports in recent years were to Chile and the Pacific Rim by Usibelli Coal Mine Inc.  In 2011 Usibelli ... [read-more]
Fairbanks Coal-to-Liquids (CTL): BackgroundThe Fairbanks Economic Development Corporation (FEDC) has recently proposed a 20,000-40,000 barrels per day combined biomass and coal-to-liquids (CTL) plant to provide jet fuel to nearby military bases (primarily Eielson Air Force Base). The FEDC commissioned a $550,000 study to ... [read-more]
Healy Clean Coal Plant:  This experimental coal-fired power plant ran during a brief period from 1998 to 1999, but has been shut down ever since due to a legal dispute. Healy Clean Coal Plant GET PHOTO This long idle coal power plant was state ... [read-more]
Healy Coal-to-Liquids (CTL): Energy frontier GET PHOTO The site of the proposed Emma Creek Power Energy Project and Healy CTL project. In 2007 a feasibility study(3.6 Mb) was completed regarding a proposed 14,600 barrel (around 7300 tons of coal) per day coal-to-liquids (CTL) ... [read-more]
Is Coal Cheap? Surprising New Study Says “No”: Historic data reveals that increasing coal usage does not reduce energy pricesA new analysis of nationwide energy data released this week casts serious doubt on the popular image of coal as “cheap power,” according to the non-profit Ground Truth Trekking.   ... [read-more]
Jonesville Coal Mine: Background Mine-water settling pond GET PHOTO Two ponds alternate in the role of settling sediment carried by a stream coming out of the old Evan Jones coal mine. The Evans Jones Coal Mine operated between 1920 and 1968 in Sutton, ... [read-more]
Kenai Blue Sky Coal Power: Kenai Fertilizer Plant GET PHOTO Site of the now-closed Agrium plant near Nikiski source: Copyright held by photographer The Kenai Blue Sky Coal Plant was a proposed $1.5-2 billion integrated gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) plant proposed by Agrium Inc. to be located ... [read-more]
Linc Energy UCG Leases in AK: SummaryAn Australian company, Linc Energy, is exploring several sites in Central Alaska and near Cook Inlet, looking into the feasibility of developing one, or more, underground coal gasification (UCG) projects in those areas.  Background on UCGUnderground Coal Gasification (UCG) involves ... [read-more]
Loss-Selling in Alaska: Summary”Loss selling,” more formally known as Net Operating Loss selling (NOLs selling), was a business practice allowed previous to 1984 by which businesses could sell other businesses their financial losses for tax purposes.  It is a rubric term that encompasses ... [read-more]
Matanuska Coal Plant: Matanuska Electric Association (MEA) began working on a proposal for a 100-megawatt circulating fluid bed coal plant to be located south of Palmer, AK and supplied with coal from Usibelli Coal Mine Inc. From the start, this was strongly opposed ... [read-more]
Mercury from Coal: Mercury is released into the air from the combustion of coal. This mercury accumulates and concentrates in the food chain, where it is ingested by people (often through eating fish). Mercury is a toxic chemical that can affect the nervous ... [read-more]
Mining Taxes and Revenue in Alaska: (see also our companion article "Coal Taxes, Rents, and Royalties")SummaryAlaska's mineral industry was worth almost $3 billion in 2009, but paid less than 2% to state and local governments, counting all forms of taxes, fees, and royalties.  Taxes on other ... [read-more]
Mt. Spurr Geothermal: Renewable Energy Articles Geothermal Augustine Geothermal Spurr Geothermal Wind Eva Creek Wind Fire Island Wind Hydroelectricity Chakachamna Hydro Chikuminuk Hydro Kogoluktuk Hydro Susitna-Watana Hydro Seismic Hazards at Susitna Other Tidal Power in Cook Inlet Yakutat Wave Energy Summary The proposed ... [read-more]
Nanushuk Coal Prospect: Nanushuk coal GET PHOTO Coal seams outcrop on the Kukpowruk River SummaryIn 2010, the Alaska Department of Natural Resources (DNR) began working on approval for preliminary coal prospecting permits within the Nanushuk Group north of the Brooks Range.  Covering 116,000 ... [read-more]
Natural Gas in Cook Inlet: datamooseCallbacks_q2zJfN7icSp7.push(function(datamooseIframe){ $("#DatamooseDescriptionWrapper-data-output-embed-131-q2zJfN7icSp7").css('display','block') $("#DatamooseDescriptionWrapper-data-output-embed-131-q2zJfN7icSp7").width(datamooseIframe.style.width) }); Cook Inlet Natural Gas Production and Export: Production and Exports of Natural Gas in Cook Inlet (1958-2010) FULL FIGURE SummaryThe natural gas produced in Cook Inlet is the primary source of energy and heat for the ... [read-more]
Non-Renewable Energy in Alaska: (NOTE:  This article was written in 2010 and is no longer maintained since most of the information has been superseded by newer articles/sections of the website.  Click the following links for Oil/Gas, Coal, or Coalbed Methane)Alaska is famous for oil, ... [read-more]
Ocean Acidification: (Note: While most of the information in this article will not change with time, the part about Alaska is no longer being maintained as of late 2014)Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the major polluting byproduct of the combustion of fossil fuels ... [read-more]
Opposition to Coal in Alaska: Chuitna Coal Mine Chuitna Citizens Coalition Cook Inletkeeper Trustees for Alaska Wishbone Hill Coal Mine Matanuska Valley Coalition Castle Mountain Coalition Chickaloon Native Village Coal Power in Alaska GVEA Ratepayers Alliance HEA Members Forum MEA Ratepayers Alliance Coal to Liquid ... [read-more]
Peak Coal: Coal omen? GET PHOTO A raven perches on top of a coal pile near the Seward docks. Closely tied to the issue of coal resources and reserves is the idea of "peak coal" which is the analog to the well-studied ... [read-more]
Port MacKenzie Rail Extension: Summary The Matanuska-Susitna Borough is building a 32-mile rail extension that would link Port MacKenzie to the existing rail system in Alaska.   With state funding, the project could was originally due to be completed in 2014 at a capital ... [read-more]
Potential CO2 Emissions of the Susitna-Beluga Coalfield: The Susitna-Beluga Coal Leases The Susitna-Beluga coal field is a large coal field located on the west side of Cook Inlet.  The mining company PacRim holds leases in Susitna-Beluga, and has proposed a massive coal mine dubbed the Chuitna Coal Project ... [read-more]
Powering Large Mines in Alaska: Power in AK GET PHOTO Electrical intertie near Healy, AK Background: Powering MinesMines are enormous consumers of power, and are often a driving force for adding new electrical generation capacity and fuel-transportation infrastructure to their local areas.  Mining energy demand ... [read-more]
Quantifying coal: How much is there?: 1/8th of the world's coal? An oft-quoted statistic is that Alaska has 1/8th of the world's coal, around 1/2 of the total from the US. This may well be the best available estimate of Alaska coal resource, but it relies ... [read-more]
Resource Extraction on Northern Pacific Coast: Author's Note (2010): This article was researched and written in 2007 as part of the preparation for our year-long Journey on the Wild Coast.  One of the goals of this trip was to see many of these issues for ourselves, ... [read-more]
Road to Umiat: SummaryThe Road to Umiat (officially known as the Foothills West Transportation Access Project) is a proposed 100-mile road from the Dalton Highway to the outpost of Umiat in the North Slope Borough.  The goal of the $400 million project is ... [read-more]
Seward Coal Terminal:    Loading coal GET PHOTO A worker stands in a plume of coal dust, as coal pours into a ship at the Seward port. The Seward Coal Loading Facility, referred to as the Seward Coal Terminal, was built in 1984 ... [read-more]
Stone Horn Ridge Underground Coal Gasification (CIRI UCG): Background Marsh meander GET PHOTO Land within the CIRI UCG lease On October 9th, 2009 the Cook Inlet Region Inc (CIRI) native corporation announced plans to build a 100 MW Underground Coal Gasification (UCG) plant on the west side of ... [read-more]
The Long-Term Socioeconomic Impact of Coal Development in Alaska: Building extensive coal infrastructure virtually ensures that a society will mine or burn larger amounts of coal in the future than it otherwise would, absent such infrastructure. This is due to the relatively low ongoing usage costs of such infrastructure, ... [read-more]
The True Cost of Coal: To the electricity customer, coal is relatively cheap. But missing from the sticker price are coal's major impacts on ecosystems, human health, and our economy. People are sickened by pollution from coal fired power plants, shortening their lives and burdening ... [read-more]
True Cost of Electricty Generation: SummaryLow price or low environmental impact, which is the priority?  Debates over energy sources often pit these two factors against each other.  But the arguments over price and impact are often missing some important information.  The nominal (sticker) price of ... [read-more]
Tyonek Coal-to-Liquids (CTL): SummaryIn October 2010, the Tyonek Native Corporation (TNC) announced that they had signed an agreement with a technology company called Accelergy to develop a coal-to-liquids (CTL) plant on Tyonek land.  This facility would produce aviation fuel as well as gasoline ... [read-more]
Types and Composition of Coal: Your browser does not support iframes. Coal Geology in Alaska Known coal formations in Alaska. Darker colors correspond to higher coal grades. While "coal" is often described as a single commodity, in fact coal varies widely in important physical characteristics ... [read-more]
Underground Coal Gasification (UCG): Underground Coal Gasification (UCG) involves igniting coal in the ground, then collecting and using the gases that result from its partial combustion. Although the idea dates back over a century, very few UCG plants have ever been built. Underground gasification ... [read-more]
Underground Coal Gasification (UCG) Documents: Underground coal gasification (UCG) is the process of igniting coal in the ground then collecting and using the resulting gases.  For more information, see our issue article on underground coal gasification.  Several UCG projects are being considered in Alaska, primarily ... [read-more]
Uses of Coal: For much of modern human history, the primary use of coal was combustion in the home or in factories to produce heat. The majority of coal is still burned for electricity production, but usually in centralized power plants. Much of ... [read-more]
Usibelli Coal Mines: In 1943, Usibelli Coal Mine Inc. was founded by Emil Usibelli in order to provide coal to the precursor of Fort Wainwright. The mines that Usibelli operates take advantage of abundant subbituminous coal near the surface in the Healy area, ... [read-more]
Waste Storage 'In Perpetuity': Perpetual waste storage Toxic waste is an inevitable byproduct of many industries, from mines to power plants, nuclear reactors to municipal landfills. Therefore, we construct facilities to contain or treat these toxic byproducts. In many cases the mandate of these ... [read-more]
Wishbone Hill Coal Mine: Background The Wishbone Hill Mine is a proposed coal mine in the Matanuska Valley approximately 5 miles west of downtown Sutton, AK. The site is on the border of the Sutton/Alpine and Buffalo/Soapstone Community Council boundaries and is within a ... [read-more]
Alaska Coal: Background on Coal Benefits of Coal Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) Coalbed Methane Coal Combustion Methods Coal Combustion Wastes Coal Fires Coal Impacts Coal Mine Reclamation Coal MiningCoal Power is Not Cheap Power (Report) Coal Terminology: Resource and Reserve Coal ... [read-more]
Infrastructure in Alaska: Infrastructure Articles Drift River Oil TerminalAlaska RailroadPort MacKenzie Rail ExtensionPowering Large Mines in AK Project ChariotRailbelt Electrical Grid Road to UmiatSeward Coal Terminal At 663,000 square miles, Alaska is by far both the largest and least densely populated state in ... [read-more]
Other Issues: The primary goal of our website is to provide accurate, up-to-date information on natural resource issues, with a particular focus on Alaska.  Currently we have sections with detailed articles on Coal and Metals Mining.  We are currently working on developing ... [read-more]
Renewable Energy in Alaska: Renewable Energy Articles Geothermal Augustine Geothermal Spurr Geothermal Wind Eva Creek Wind Fire Island Wind Hydroelectricity Chakachamna Hydro Chikuminuk Hydro Kogoluktuk Hydro Susitna-Watana Hydro Seismic Hazards at Susitna Other Tidal Power in Cook Inlet Yakutat Wave Energy Alaska is rich ... [read-more]

Journeys tagged Coal

Mineral Resource Extraction on the Northern Pacific Coast: Author's Note (2010): This article was researched and written in 2007 as part of the preparation for our year-long Journey on the Wild Coast.  One of the goals of this trip was to see many of these issues for ourselves, ... [read-more]
Planned Alaska route: Author's Note (2010): This article was researched and written in 2007 as part of the preparation for our year-long Journey on the Wild Coast.  This map outlines a portion of our proposed route (which we more-or-less followed) and the text ... [read-more]
Skiing the Chuitna coal prospect: Skiing the Chuitna coal prospect From A Long Trek Home: 4,000 Miles by Boot, Raft, and Ski, published by Mountaineers Books in October 2009, about our Wild Coast journey <html lang="en" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en"> </html> On the far side of Knik ... [read-more]
Alaska Coal Country: 2010 has been our year of coal. Through winter and spring, we wrote articles full of esoteric details on all the coal projects and prospects in Alaska. Alaska might have as much as 10% of the world's coal - most ... [read-more]
Journey on the Wild Coast: The Book: A Long Trek Home: 4,000 miles by boot, raft, and ski  from Mountaineers Books! From the Puget Sound to the Bering Sea: Four thousand miles along the edge of the Pacific, by foot, packraft, and skis. Working to ... [read-more]

Photos tagged Coal

CCW disposal in Fairbanks
Great Horned Owl on Coal
Great Horned Owl on Coal
Coal Seam by Emma Creek
Great Horned Owl on Coal
Great Horned Owl on Coal
Great Horned Owl on Coal
Poker Flats reclamation
Failed culvert
Usibelli Reclamation
Gold Run Pass coal mine
Usibelli Reclamation
Usibelli Reclamation
Poker flats reclamation
Moose tracks in settling pond
Regraded, tilled, replanted
Cripple Creek Mine?
Gold Run Pass coal mine
Alaska minescape
Overburden pile at Gold Run Pass Mine
Wolf tracks
Ace in the Hole
Sandstone  bluffs with coal seams
Usibelli Coal Strata
Gold Run Pass coal mine
Usibelli Loop photos (camera B)
Overburden pile at Gold Run Pass Mine
Two Bull Ridge coal mine
Alaska minescape
Usibelli Loop photos (camera B)
Coal seams on upper Lignite Creek
Usibelli Loop photos (camera B)
Usibelli Coal Strata
Usibelli Coal Erosion
Healy Clean Coal Plant (HCCP)
Gold Run Pass coal mine
Two Bull Ridge coal mine
Ace in the Hole
Two Bull Ridge coal mine
Two Bull Ridge coal mine
Two Bull Ridge coal mine
Gold Run Pass coal mine
Usibelli Loop photos (camera B)
Katmai clambers on coal
Usibelli Loop photos (camera B)
Usibelli Loop photos (camera B)
Wolf Tracks
Island of spruce
Usibelli Loop photos (camera B)
Usibelli Loop photos (camera B)
Overburden pile at Gold Run Pass Mine
Usibelli Loop photos (camera B)
Usibelli Loop photos (camera B)
Ace in the Hole
Usibelli Loop photos (camera B)
Usibelli Loop photos (camera B)
Road washout
Gold Run Pass coal mine
Usibelli Loop photos (camera B)
Coal Bluff
Usibelli Loop photos (camera B)
Gold Run Pass coal mine
Usibelli Loop photos (camera B)
Natural coal fired rock
Two Bull Ridge coal mine
Usibelli Loop photos (camera B)
Energy frontier
Usibelli Loop photos (camera B)
Usibelli Loop photos (camera B)
Usibelli Loop photos (camera B)
Usibelli Loop photos (camera B)
Usibelli Loop photos (camera B)
Regraded, tilled, replanted
Active coal mining at Two Bull Ridge
Usibelli Loop photos (camera B)
Gold Run Pass coal mine
Mine wall
Usibelli Loop photos (camera B)
Usibelli Loop photos (camera B)
Coal from road building
Usibelli Loop photos (camera B)
Coal Seam in Alaska
Mine wall
Usibelli Loop photos (camera B)
Photographing coal
Usibelli Loop photos (camera B)
Coal mine road
Brilliant spring
Coal mud
Active coal mining at Two Bull Ridge
Usibelli Loop photos (camera B)
Two Bull Ridge coal mine
Gold Run Pass coal mine
Usibelli Loop photos (camera B)
Usibelli Loop photos (camera B)
Keep out?
Katmai clambers on coal
Waste-rock skyline
Energy wealth
Warning
Mining village
Coal silo
Oil pumpjack
Deer and coal train
Warning
Loading coal
Rail infrastructure
Warning
Minescape
Warning
Chuitna journey
Chuitna journey
Chuitna journey
Chuitna journey
Hilltop savannah
Alder bushwhacking with baby
Chuitna journey
Marsh meander
Chuitna journey
Chuitna River coal
Chuitna journey
Chuitna journey
Devil's club
Arctic Coal
Gathering coal
Nanushuk coal
Arctic Coal
Arctic Coal
A dark stripe in a green land
Coal along Emma Creek
Coal truck
Usibelli Loop
Usibelli Loop
Usibelli Loop
Alaska Coal
Jumbo Dome road
Big tire
Ace in the Hole
Coal-fired plant
Healy Clean Coal Plant
Usibelli Loop
Usibelli Loop
Usibelli Loop
A history of fire
Rainbow over coal
Usibelli Loop
Two Bull Ridge coal mine
Remote coal
Two Bull Ridge coal mine
Gold Run Pass coal mine
Usibelli Loop
Two Bull Ridge coal mine
Usibelli Loop
Tread
Heat
Usibelli Loop
Model of Ace in the Hole
Usibelli Loop
Coal truck
Coal truck
Usibelli Loop
Smoldering Coal
Natural Coal
Natural Coal
Natural Coal
Natural Coal
Natural coal fires
Natural coal fires
Gold Run Pass coal mine
Active coal mining at Two Bull Ridge
Two Bull Ridge coal mine
Mine vista
Mine traffic
Relict coal car
Coal truck
Two Bull Ridge coal mine
Two Bull Ridge coal mine
Mine vista
Coal truck
Coal tour
Active coal mining at Two Bull Ridge
Coal prospects
Coal prospects
Jonesville mine tailings reclamation
Jonesville coal mine
Jonesville coal mine
Jonesville mine tailings reclamation
DNR presentation
Jonesville coal tailings
Jonesville coal mine
Jonesville coal tailings
Jonesville coal mine
Mine-water settling pond
New mine there
DNR presentation
Jonesville coal mine
Great Horned Owl on Coal
Mt Spurr over Chuitna River
Rare stillness on the Matanuska
Shadows of spruce
Misty Homer beaches
Marked location
Bluff Point coal seam
Kushtaka Lake
Crossing icy tide flats
Frosty sunrise
Sunset on Coal Cove
Matanuska view
Eroding Matanuska bluffs
Sunrise on Kanak Island
Beluga residents
Winter at the Chuitna prospect
Coal and Mud
Fugitive Dust
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Navigation help
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
A nest in the brush
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Overburden
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Beluga River
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Father and son
Packraft passenger
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
At the Heilmans'
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Beaver ponds at Chuitna
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Portaging
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Walking a beaver dam
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Dirty faces
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Family packraft
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Fern meadow at Chuitna
Journey through the Chuitna Coal Mine Prospect
Our tent on the Beluga River
A young explorer
Mt. Spurr over the Chuitna River
Skiing through the Chuitna Coal prospect
Skiing through the Chuitna Coal prospect
Smooth snow at Chuitna
Gas Platform in Cook Inlet
Skiing through the Chuitna Coal prospect
Skiing through the Chuitna Coal prospect
Beluga Cabin
Marker in the snow
Skiing through the Chuitna Coal prospect
Skiing through the Chuitna Coal prospect
Skiing through the Chuitna Coal prospect
Beluga Power Plant
Winter sunrise on the Chuitna River
Skiing through the Chuitna Coal prospect
Rig on the horizon
Skiing through the Chuitna Coal prospect
Chuitna Winter
Skiing through the Chuitna Coal prospect
Skiing through the Chuitna Coal prospect
Moose Creek
Moose Creek
Moose Creek
Moose Creek
Moose Creek
Coal Miner
Bituminous Coal
Anthracite Coal
Lignite Coal
Castle Mountain
Nanushuk Prospect
Gastropods and coal
Armored mud ball
Sultana & Denail
Seward Coal Facility
Seward Coal Facility
Seward Coal Facility
Seward Coal Facility
Fishing and coal
Seward Coal Terminal
Chinese coal port
Giant coal stackers
Coal and Mud
Homer beaches
Tertiary fault
Bluffs
Katmai on Cook Inlet
Fossil and Renewable energy near Healy
Matanuska Valley from Wishbone Hill
Ready for a Road
Full-body Steam Engine Inspection
Fall in Coal Country
Activist Subdued
Melea Roed at home
Mostly bulletproof
Abandoned mine mouth
Tailings at Jonesville Coal Mine
Redneck Planetarium
Jonesville Mine